Facial rejuvenation is a set of measures aimed at reducing the signs of external aging, including conservative techniques (cosmetology, non-surgical) and distinguishable surgery.
The motivation of those who use facial rejuvenation can be different, but everyone agrees on one thing - no one wants to grow old and look "bad statement. " Appearance, in addition to aesthetics, has a significant impact on many aspects of life - e. g. , personal and professional. Someone who looks young and fit is confident and more successful in relationships with the opposite sex and in business. For most people in the public profession (artists, television broadcasters, politicians) the appearance of "high quality" is an integral part of professional demand.
Age-related changes are desirable. They are caused by the gradual accumulation of "damage" in various tissues. In the skin, the content of collagen and elastin decreases, the amount of fluid decreases, which causes sagging, the appearance of wrinkles and changes in facial contours. Many occupational and household hazards, adverse environmental conditions, diseases and habits contribute to the aging process.
The development of modern medicine makes it possible to change the external manifestations of aging significantly, and this may occur at various ages. Some of the most effective facial rejuvenation methods today will be discussed below.
1. Botulinum toxin
Subcutaneous injection of preparations based on botulinum toxin. The therapeutic dose is many times less than the toxic dose, therefore, with professional use, the method is practically safe. There is temporary paralysis and relaxation of the facial muscles, which results in too much smoothness of the skin layer.
- Advantages: outpatient procedures, quick results, relative safety.
- Disadvantages: the nature of temporary changes, which require repeated manipulation, possible allergies to the drug.
Facial rejuvenation by introducing various ingredients and preparations under the skin, which improves its nutrition, stimulates local tissue metabolism and blood circulation. The most popular drugs used in this case are vitamin complexes, organic acids, collagen and elastin extracts, stem cells and fibroblasts. Biorevitalization (introduction of hyaluronic acid), biogel injection based on polimetilacrilat can be considered a special case of mesotherapy.
- Advantages: simplicity and high execution speed, low invasive (tissue penetration level).
- Disadvantages: instability of the result, the need for a series of procedures that must be repeated after a certain period of time, the possibility of increased sensitivity to the injected substance.
3. Laser exposure
Using laser energy, you can get several effects at once. With low intensity, the reparative (restorative) process is stimulated in the skin due to the formation of new collagen molecules. Stronger radiation leads to the removal of the unsuitable layer of epidermis (the so-called laser skin surface). A similar technique is photorejuvenation, which uses the frequency of visible wavelengths.
- Advantages: low invasive, ability to treat large areas of skin in one procedure.
- Disadvantages: suitable for correcting small changes related to age, the result is unstable, the patient may have a photo allergy.
4. Thermage (lift radio (lift RF))
This technique is similar to a laser, but the influencing factor is radio frequency radiation, which makes it possible to affect the deeper layers of the skin by increasing their temperature locally. Similar ELOS rejuvenation technology is based on the simultaneous use of optical current and high frequency currents.
- Advantages: the nature of the procedure is gentle, quick results, some contraindications (especially cancer).
- Disadvantages: the need for repeated procedures after a while.
Exfoliates, or reappears - the removal of the top layer of skin, mainly composed of epidermal cells with varying degrees of vitality. In addition to the above laser action, mechanical (rough) and chemical exfoliation methods are used. The dosage effect encourages the activation of the recovery process and the synthesis of new structural elements of the skin.
- Advantages: fast results.
- Disadvantages: this technique requires excellent care from the doctor and subsequent additional monitoring of the patient, the resulting wound surface is prone to infection, the possibility of scarring. The effect only appears on superficial wrinkles.
Introduction under the skin of a special yarn (meso-reinforced yarn) made of inert absorbent material (polydioxanone), which provides frame function and smoothes the skin. The new direction of this method is thread lifting, which is called 3D mesothread which causes minimal tissue tension. Within a few months, there is complete absorption (resorption) of the introduced fiber, while the supporting function is augmented with a temporary stimulating effect.
- Advantages: simplicity and the possibility of quick procedures, long-term effects (several years).
- Disadvantages: individual reactions to the injected substance are possible, sometimes scars on the skin occur, there are no long-term outcome statistics for lifting the thread.
7. Surgical removal
Facial rejuvenation by performing facelift surgery can be done in a variety of ways: rhytidectomy (classical lifting technique), SMAS lifting, surgery with endotine identification, and so on. With a large number of conservative methods, plastic surgery remains the most effective method, as it can only reduce or eliminate age-related changes.
- Advantages: ability to affect all areas of the face and adjacent areas (neck), clear sagging skin correction, deep wrinkles and many other defects. The results are continuous (can last for years).
- Disadvantages: possible complications associated with surgery and anesthesia, the need for a recovery period with many restrictions, possible facial deformities and the appearance of visible scars.
Facial rejuvenation methods are now differentiated by different types, allowing patients to choose the most suitable for themselves.